Importance of Landscape Management in Bangladesh

Importance of Landscape Management in Bangladesh
Sowmen Rahman1, Selina Nargis2 and Mohammed Ataur Rahman3*
1 Department of Environmental Planning, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand Email:
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, IUBAT Dhaka Bangladesh Email:
3 Professor, Department of Environmental Science, IUBAT Dhaka, Bangladesh Email: * Corresponding Author

Published in Proceedings of the 13th International Knowledge Globalization Conference: Theme: Sustainable Development Goals – Success and Challenges: 23-25 February 2018, IUBAT, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Landscape management is an essential component of natural conservation, food security and biodiversity; provides livelihoods and influences the climatic factors like humidity, temperature, precipitation and wind, and acts as an important element of disaster risk reduction. Landscapes provide safety against adverse conditions like cyclones, storms, droughts and floods etc. Undulated surface keeps the natural systems moving and provides increased surface area. Nature has its own laws and change is universal; still human often governs the natural systems and their biased activities accelerated the changes including landscape. With rapid industrialization, unplanned urbanization and road transportation systems many changes have occurred and most of the natural systems are being disturbed. Moreover, climate change effects have accentuated the disasters like cyclones, tornadoes, tidal surges, floods, droughts and erosion etc. The landscape and the soil phases of the great Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna basins have been changed due to expansion of flatland irrigation-dependent agriculture destroying hills and hill forests, wet bodies; construction of dams and embankments, roads and highways across the floodplains and natural flows of streams and rivers etc. Traditional floodplain management systems were also destroyed for irrigating crop during and after the Green Revolution. The ponds were common in every home and the houses were built on the raised land and there was a nice synchronization for livelihoods and survival. Therefore, to secure the lives and livelihoods it needs to manage natural systems wisely and logically. It is essential to conserve and maintain the characteristic features of a landscape, which is greatly valued on account of its distinctive natural or cultural configuration. This paper reflects the importance of the landscape in environmental sustainability and for a comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) policy. It analyzes the related issues ahead to achieve an effective landscape management policy for adoption of appropriate DRR strategy.

Keywords: DRR, green revolution, landscape management, ponds, traditional floodplain management.

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Director, CGEC International University of Business Agriculture and Technology Bangladesh